The ancient name of Bijoliya was 'Vindhyavali'.
During the Chauhan period, it became a famous centre for art and
Bijolia was also a part of the Mewar kingdom. Bijolia was ruled by
Parmara Rajput clan. Bijolia has a wealthy history and was a
significant divine center during 11th to13th century. Although many of
the Bijolia temples have been damaged with time, yet there are three
temples left and provide adequate attraction for tourists. These
temples are rich in their chronological value. In the 12th century,
the Bijolia was gone into the hands of Chauhan dynasty. Chauhan
dynasty was not only inclined towards religion but also had a great
history of architecture and art. The temples of Bijolia were not only
built for religious purpose but also stand for perfect skills of
architecture of Chauhan dynasty. Bijolia prospered during Chauhan
dynasty in its history.
Till 12th century, Bijolia was ruled by Parmara Rajput clan which
belongs to Mewar kingdom. After 12th century Bijolia was under the
control of Chauhan dynasty.
The Bijolia is famous for Rock inscriptions, Fort and large temples.
Bijolia is the main evidence for the great architecture of the Chauhan
The Fort, Shiva temple & Shree Digambar
Jain Parshwanath Atishaya Teerthkhshetra are main attractions. The
fort is located on Bundi Chttaurgarh road. A high paved courtyard on
the side of the fort has a large temple of Lord Shiva. A caved archway
leads to the temple that has a fine image of Lord Ganesh. The Shiva
temple is called Hajaresvara Mahadeva temple. It has a high linga
surrounded by hundreds of small lingas and hence called Hajaresvara or
Sahastralinga. Near by Mandakani Kund is a holy water tank.Other
attractions are five Jain temples dedicated to Paraswnath and the
remains of a palace and two rock inscriptions.
Protected Monuments By Archaeological Survey Of India In Rajasthan
contains three sites from Bijolia village:
Mahakalsaz and two other temples
Inscription (12th century) in Bijolian Parshwanath Jain Temple
Rock Inscription within the Jain temple
The Jain temples, situated about 1.5 km of the south east were built
by Mahajan Lala in the time of the Chauhan Raja Someshwar of Ajmer in
1170 AD. One of them is considered scared containing a complete small
model of a temple inside. The rock inscriptions are both dated 1170
AD. This is a Jain temple of Teerthankar Parshvanath of Jain religion.
Bijoliya Teerth Kshetra is supposed to be the place of penance (Tapa
Bhumi)of Lord Parsvanath, place of revolt (Upsarg Bhumi) by Kamattha
(Enemy of Lord Parsvanath since previous lives) and place of achieving
Kevalgyan (Super natural knowledge) and first place of Samavsharan of
Lord Parsvanath. Some of the world’s great petrographs are available
here. This place is supposed to be old more than 2750 years, as is
clear by petrographs. The Kshetra is about 2 km ahead in south – east
of Bijoliya Town. In V.S. 1226 a famous businessman of Ujjain City
Shri Lolark came here during his pilgrimage, saw a dream in night and
came to know about the ancient idol of Lord Parsvanath. According to
dream in the next morning he dug the place near a pond and thus a
magnificent ancient idol of Lord Parsvanath appeared, some other idols
of goddess Ambika, Padmawati, Shri Dharnendra & Kshetrapal were also
found. This temple was completed in V.S. 1226 and these idols were
installed in this temple on the day Falgun Krishna 3, Thursday of V.S.
1226. This is Panchayatan Mandir (Temple) surrounded by a rampart
Atishaya – (i) In year 1858 some Englishmen come here and saw the
rampart surrounding the temple and vast petrographs, they thought
about the hidden treasure here. So they applied mines of explosives
around the petrographs. Before they fire the explosive, suddenly dense
flocks of honey bees attacked on them and they were compelled to run
away, at the same time milk flooded out of mines. (ii) In V.S. 1958 a
wonder happened. Seeing the temple without principal deity, devotees
thought that a basement may be there with idol of principal deity Lord
Parsvanath. This probability was told to king, he ordered to dig
there, devotees and other persons went to the temple, they saw a stone
there written ‘Sopan’ on it (Sopan means stairs), it was removed and
digging started but in vain, suddenly a terrible white King Cobra came
there by southern gate and stayed there. In result all the persons
returned from there.
Nearest Airport is Udaipur which is about 214 km away from bijoliya.
Other nearest Airport is Jaipur which is about 240 km away from
Bijoliya is situated on National Highway No. 76. Direct buses are
available from Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Kota, Indore,Neemuch etc.
Nearest Railway station is "UPERMAL RAILWAY STATION " 8 km from city
but there is no transport facility so it is batter to deboard at Kota
Jn. or Mandalgarh Jn.