Chittorgarh - Chittorgarh Tour

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Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh

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Information of Chittorgarh Fort

Rajasthanís most romantic name is Chittaur. Chittorgarh is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. Chittorgarh was founded by Bappa Rawal in 8th century, it is located at an elevation of 408 mts above sea level. Chittorgarh city is located on the banks of river Gambhiri and Berach. Mirabai, 16th century poet and Rani Padmini belongs to Chittorgarh.

The way to the Chittorgarh fort is pointed by a winding road which is protected by seven fortified gateways. There are 7 gateways to the main gate which are Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Bhairon Pol, Lakshman Pol, Ram Pol, Jorla Pol, and Padan Pol. On the east there is a gate called Suraj Pol. On the way up to the fort, there are 2 chhatris where Kalla and Jaimal heroes of the 1568 reign fell during the fight against Akbar.


Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh is famous for its large fort which is 495 feet high and 3 miles long and also for Kirtistambha (Tower of Victory) and Vijaystambha. It is one of the largest fort of India and stands tall in Chittorgarh. Chittorgarh fort is perched on a 152 m high rocky hill. It is the symbol of Rajput pride and loyalty.The memorial of Rawat Bagh Singh is close to the Padan Pol. When Chittor fort was attacked second time, Rawat Bagh Singh take the help of King Vikramaditya to fight against Bahadur Shah who was the Sultan of Gujarat.  In 1534 AD Bhairondas Solanki fought against Sultan Bahadur Shah. Bhairon Pol is named in the remembrance of  Bhairondas Solanki. Near the Jorla Pol there are two gateways. The Lakshman Pol, the Hanuman Pol and the Ram Pol have a temple in their surrounding area.

History of Chittorgarh Fort

Chittor is a symbol pride, spirit and romance of Rajputs people of Chittor always chose death before surrendering against anyone. It is a symbol of all that was true, brave and noble in the superb Rajput tradition. It is believed historically that Chittor was built by the Maurya dynasty. Mauryan rule ended in 271 B.C. as a dominant power in India. Chittaur was attacked three times and on each occasion the rite of Jauhar was performed. To avoid any harm from enemies, the children and women of the Rajput kings done Jauhar (mass self sacrifice in a holy fire).

The first attack was by Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi in 1303 AD who was enamoured by the beauty of Padmini whose face he had seen reflecting on a mirror. Rani Padmini preferred death to abduction and committed jauhar along with all the other ladies of the fort. The second was in 1533 when the Sultan of Gujarat attacked Bikramjeet of Chittaur. Rani Karnavati, a Bundi Princess, take the Jauhar in which many children and women perished. The ultimate sacrifice for freedom Jauhar was again performed for the third time after the Mughal Emperor Akbar captured Chittorgarh in 1568. Then the capital was moved west to Udaipur in the foothills of the Aravalli Range where Rana Udai Singh II had established a residence in 1559. Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar until it acceded to the union of India in 1947 and Chittorgarh gradually lost its political importance. Chittorgarh remains replete with historic associations and holds a very special place in the hearts of Rajputs, as it was a bastion of the clan at a time when every other stronghold had surrendered to attack. It is often called as the "Bhakti aur Shakti ki nagari"

It is also considered that Bhim, one of the hero of the epic Mahabharta visited this place to learn the secrets of immortality and became the devotee of a saint, but his anxiety to perform all the rites deprived him of his goal and out of anger he stamped on ground creating water reservoir, this reservoir is now known as Bhim Lat. According to a belief in the middle of 8th century the founder of the Sisodia clan, Bappa Rawal received Chittaur, as a part of the dowry after marriage with the last Solanki princess. His descendants ruled Mewar upto 16th century after that which extends from Gujarat to Ajmer.

Prominent Attractions

Kirti Stambh or Tower of Fame:
Kirti Stambh is a 22 meters high tower was founded in the 12th century AD by a wealthy Jain merchant. It is devoted to Adinathji who was the first Jain Tirthankaras and is ornamented with figures of the Jain pantheon.

Vijay Stambh or Tower of Victory:
Vijay Stambh or Tower of Victory was founded in 1440 AD by Maharana Kumbh who was a powerful ruler of Mewar to honor his victory over the Muslim rulers of Gujarat and Malawi. It is a magnificent feature of Chittorgarh fort. It is a 37 metres high structure with nine storeys which is covered with beautiful statues of Hindu deities.
 

Chittorgarh Fort

Dwar

Roopmati

Fortcom

Temple

Padmini

Kund

Chittorgarh Fort Inside

Kumbha

Jauhar

Vijay Stambh

Vijay Stambh

 

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