from erstwhile Udaipur district, Rajsamand district was constituted on
10th April, 1991, and named after the famous lake "Rajsamand" built by
Maharana Raj Singh.
Rajsamand is situated 67 Km north of Udaipur and 352 kms south of state
capital - Jaipur on National Highway 8. Rajsamand
district is surrounded by Ajmer in North, Pali in West, Udaipur in
South and Bhilwara in East.
Administratively Rajsamand is divided in to 7 Sub-divisions, 7 Tehsils
and 7 blocks. There are 205 Gram Panchayats and 236 Patwar Circles.
Rajsamand is much rich district
regarding history, religion, culture and mining industries. Among
famous places of tourist interest Kumbhalgarh - the birth place of
Maharana Pratap, Haldighati the famous battle field, Shrinathji the
chief deity of Vaishnav religion, Dwarikadheesh, Charbhuja and many
Rajsamand is very well known for its marble production as the largest
producing district as well as the largest single unit in the whole
country. Rajsamand also saw the vicissitudes of the freedom struggle
between Tantya Tope and the British troops at 'Rakamgarh ka Chhapar'
Tourist Attraction in Rajsamand
Kumbalgarh is about
64 kms to the north west of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap,
Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after
Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress.
Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top most
ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates
stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being
folded within another with crenellated walls strengthened by rounded
bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain
fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It's serpentine 36
kms long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to
ride abreast. This wall is second only to the 'Great Wall of China'.
There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple
placed with huge 'Shivalinga' makes it worth visiting.
Haldi Ghati (The Yellow Vale)
A narrow pass runs South to North-East and ends in a plain where the
famous battle of Haldi Ghati was fought in 1576 between Maharana Pratap
and the forces of Emperor Akbar.
The colour of the soil here is yellow like turmeric (Haldi). Hence the
valley is also known as Haldi Ghati.
Badshahibaug situated near the Haldigati is famous for 'Chaitri-Gulab'.
The rose water and 'Gulkand' (Rose Petal Jam) which has tremendous
medicinal value and sweet taste as well.
British author Col. James Todd described Haldigati as "Thermopile of
Mewar" in his famous book 'Anals and Antiquities of Rajputana'.
Only 2 km. West of Haldi Ghati, lies the tomb of Chetak. After being
seriously wounded and loosing a leg in the fierce battle of Haldi
Ghati, Chetak dutifully carried his master, Maharana Pratap, safely to
this place and at last after crossing a stream, fell dead. Here stands
a monument constructed and dedicated to the memory of this royal
Adjacent to the tomb, there is a temple of Lord Shiva. It appears that
the Great Animal "Chetak" lies here in eternal sleep at the feet of
his lord 'Pashupatinath'.
Maharana Raj Singh an able administrator of the fifth generation of
Maharana Pratap constructed Rajsamand lake in 1662 AD, which is a
beautiful example of sculpture and public utility works. The banks
known as "Nouchoki" consist of 25 carved stone -"Raj Prashashti" the
longest stone inscription in Sanskrit in the world.
The stairs, footrest, artistic gates and "Mandaps" are made of
beautiful carved marble and the sculpture imparts a new look every
time. The whole construction is based on the number 9 which is
considered to be the absolute number in Hindu philosophy & mythology.
It took 14 years for completion and cost more than 12.5 million rupees
at that time.
Machind, situated in the Aravali range, parallel to the Jarga range of
mountain is historically important.
Maharana Pratap and his son Amar Singh stayed here for a short
duration. The remnants of the construction of Pratap's age and a "Baori"
(old well) are still visible.
Guru Matsyendra Nath of Nath community prayed here in a cave, after
whom the place is known as Machind.
Machind is also known as the birthplace of Maharana Amar Singh.
At the Northern edge of Mewar, Dewair is situated between the mountain
ranges spread in close proximity of Kumbhalgarh and Madaria. In the
olden times it had been under the domination of different tribes from
Mer to Deora Rajputs.
Maharana Pratap made the adventurous military campaigns of the Mughal
ruler ineffective by resorting to gorilla warfare. On the auspicious
occasion of Vijaya Dashmi, in 1852, he was crowned with historic
victory, which led to the automatic liquidation of all 36 Moghul
military outposts in Mewar. After this humiliating defeat Akbar
stopped his military campaigns against Mewar.
The victory of Dewair was a crowning glory for Maharana Pratap. Col.
James Tod described Dewair as "Marathon of Mewar". In his famous book
"Anals and Antiquities of Rajputana".
A very beautiful victory Memorial on Marana Pratap was inaugurated by
H.E. President of India, Smt. Pratibh Devi Singh Patil on 10.01.2012.
About 10 kms South-East of Rajsamand is the famous fort of Rakamgarh, a small fortress built upon a small hillock, is said to be
the silent evidence of the fight for freedom fought between Tantya
Tope and the British troops in 1857, in the fields of Rakamgarh. It is
also said that Tantya Tope stayed here in the Rakamgarh Fort for a
short duration and was given all type of the help by the than ruler of
Kotharia and the Tilkayat of Shrinathji.
How to Reach Rajsamand
The nearest railway station from Rajsamand is Kankroli.
Direct Train is available from Marwar Junction and Mavli Junction.
From Rajsamand the nearest airport is Udaipur which is 67 Kms
Direct Buses are available from Jaipur, Jodhpur,
Udaipur, Kota, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Beawer, Ahmedabad, Indore and New
You will visit
during the below Tour of Rajasthan
31 Days Rajasthan Tour
31 Days / 30 Nights
Delhi - Alwar - Deeg - Bharatpur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Dholpur -
Ranthambore - Tonk - Bundi
- Jhalawar - Kota - Bijolia - Chittorgarh - Dungarpur - Banswara -
Udaipur - Rajsamand -
Nathdwara - Kumbhalgarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Rohetgarh - Jodhpur -
Jaisalmer - Bikaner -
Nagaur - Mandawa - Sikar - Jhunjhunu -Jaipur - Delhi