One of the
most important wonder of the Agra is the Taj Mahal, a monument of love
and imagination, that represents India to the world. It is a
well-known monument of Agra and one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Taj Mahal is visited by people from all over the world, it is one of
the mostly visited and most photographed places in the world.
The foundation of Taj Mahal was laid by Shah Jahan in the memory of
his beautiful spouse Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal become a UNESCO World
Heritage Site in the year 1983. Taj Mahal is well-known as "the jewel
of Muslim art in India. At this place, Emperor Shah Jahan spent his
last days in imprisonment, starring at the tomb of his wife. Most
heart touching view of Taj Mahal can be seen from a little octagonal
tower in the Agra fort across the River Jamuna. Taj Mahal was the
conclusion point of Indo-Persian architecture. Regardless of
whether you see it ethereally floating in the moonlight, blushing in
the rosy glow of sunrise or reflected in the pools of its gardens, it
Eighteen years after Shah Jahan became emperor, Mumtaz Mahal, the
darling wife of Shah Jahan died at the age of 39 giving birth to her
14th child in 1630. The emperor went into pain and promised to built a
magnificent tomb in her memory, unlike any other monument of the
world. It was named the Taj Mahal, a superior monument in pure marble.
It take about 22 years for the construction of this monument by 20,000
labourers. The height of this superior monument is 187 feet at the
central dome. The marble and other items were brought in from
all over India and central Asia for the construction of Taj Mahal.
Sandstone was bought from Fatehpur Sikri, Makrana Marble from
Rajasthan, Turquoise from Tibet, Sapphire and Lapez Lazuli from
Bundelkhand, Jasper from Punjab, Amethyst and Onyx from Persia,
Crystal and Jade from China. The skilled artisans inlaid the white
marble structure with valuable stones and built a lacy stone screen
around the graves of the emperor and his darling wife. It is a belief
that Taj Mahal was designed by Ustad Isa Afandi. This monument was a
symbol of Shah Jahan's everlasting love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Some prominent places in the Taj Mahal are the Jilo Khana which is
situated at the main entrance of the tomb built in red sandstone. The
Jilo Khana is about 204 yards long and 150 yards wide.